List of Pu’er Mountains

The Institute is compiling a list of all the major, minor, and important Pu’er production areas. We will use this list to fill in the gaps of the Tea Library.

We also hope to start adding tasting notes and amalgamating the Objective Flavor Profiles of the individual areas to determine the terroir.

Most of this data is a compilation of the info on Babelcarp, so a special thanks goes out to Lew Perin, who can be found here!/babelcarp,
and his tea dictionary here:

I hope someone other than us finds this information usable;
of you see something missing, or have some suggestions, please drop me a comment!

The List:

  • Xishuāngbǎnnà (西双版纳)
    • Yìwǔ (易武) Villages:
      • Luòshuǐ dòng (落水洞) – literally “Fall-Into-Water Cave”, reputed to have a thousand-year-old tree
      • Guā fēng zhài (刮风寨) – literally “Blowing Wind Stockade”, a village and Pu’er growing area high on Yiwu mountain
      • Ma hēi zhài (麻黑寨) – a Pu’er producing village in Yiwu reputed to have wild-growing trees
      • Dīng jiā zhài (丁家寨) – literally Ding Family Stockade
      • Màn sā shān (漫撒山) – one of the famous tea mountains of Xishuangbanna just east of Yìwǔ on the border of Laos
      • Zheng Jia Liangzi (?)
      • Yi Shan Mo (?)
      • Da Qi Shu (?)
    • Měnglà (勐腊) County Mountains:
      • YóuLèShān (游乐山 / 攸乐山) – one of the Six Famous Tea Mountains
        • Lóng pà (龙帕) – an old Pu’er plantation in Youleshan
      • Mǎng zhī shān (莽枝山) – one of the famous tea mountains
      • Gé dēngshān (革登山)
        • Mán zhī (蛮枝) – A secondary mountain of Gé dēng
      • MánZhuān shān (蛮砖山)
      • YǐBāng shān (倚邦山)
      • Xí kōng (习崆) – a Pu’er-growing village between MánZhuān and YǐBāng
      • Zhāng jiā wān (张家湾) – a village in Mengla County not far from Yiwu
    • Menghai County
      • Nán nuò shān (南糯山) – mountain near GeLangHe with ancient tea trees, literally Bamboo Shoot Paste Mountain in the language of the Hani people, who have lived there for ~1100 years; the Bu Lang people cultivated tea trees there even earlier
        • Hè kāi (贺开) – an old Pu’er growing region in the northern part of Nán nuò shān
          • Měng hùn (勐混) – south of Menghai town, this is the only town of any size in the Hekai region
          • Guǎng bié lǎo zhài (广别老寨) – a small village in the Hekai region
          • Màn bàng (曼蚌) – a small village in the Hekai region
            • Màn nòng lǎo zhài (曼弄老寨) – a small village in the Hekai region, and the Xin (new) town close by
            • Màn mài (曼迈) – a small village in the Hekai region
            • Měng sòng shān (勐宋山) – a mountain south of the Mekong, near the Burma border
              • Màn lǚ shān (曼吕山)
              • Nà kǎ shān (那卡山 or 纳卡山)
              • Gé lǎng hé (格朗和) – town populated by the Hani ethnic minority
              • Ba dá shān (巴达山) – a tea mountain [possibly the same as Da Hei Shan]
              • Nán jiào / Nán Qiào (南峤)


  • Bulangshan (布朗山)
    • Bān zhāng (班章) – a tea-growing area on the northwestern side of Bulangshan, tea from this region is believed to have a more aggressive taste than most other Pu’er
      • banpen (Ban1 Pen2) = (班盆) a village in the Banzhang area
      • laobanzhang (Lao3 Ban1 Zhang1) = (老班章) the part of Banzhang where old tea trees grow on abandoned plantations
      • xinbanzhang (Xin1 Ban1 Zhang1) = (新班章) New Banzhang, a Pu’er growing area of Bulangshan near Lao Banzhang but more recently planted, and so with less cachet
      • laomane (Lao3 Man4 E2) = (老曼峨 or 老曼娥) a tea-growing area of Bulangshan with old trees reputed to yield very bitter leaves, perhaps adjacent to Lao Banzhang
      • Bāng pén (帮盆) – a Bulangshan region reputed to produce gushu tea
      • Jié liáng (结良) – a village in Bulangshan whose gushu tea, at least when young, has a reputation for unusual bitterness
      • Màn hǎi (曼海)
      • Màn nuò zhài (曼糯寨) – a Qing Dai era (1644 – 1911) Pu’er plantation in Bulangshan
      • Zhāng jiā sān duì (章家三队) –  a high-elevation area in the southern part of Bulangshan reputed to have old trees
      • Měng pà shā shān (勐帕沙山) – a tea mountain, probably in the Menghai area, which the Haiwan factory claims to use as the source for organic bingcha
  • Kunming
    • wuding (Wu3 Ding4) = (武定) a county in Kunming prefecture northwest of Kunming city
      • shizishan (Shi1 Zi5 Shan1) = (狮子山 or 獅子山) literally Lion Mountain, a Wuding County Pu’er mountain range
  • Sīmáo (思茅) Prefecture
    • Āi láo shān (哀牢山) – literally Mournful Prison Mountain, a tea mountain range
    • Dà hēishān (大黑山) – literally Big Black Mountain [possibly the same as Ba Da Shan]
    • Gāo shānzhài (高山寨) – literally High Mountain Stockade: a village near Simao
    • Jiāngchéng (江城) – a Yunnan zizhixian east of Simao City for the Hani people, where tea is grown that may or may not be the proper Daye cultivar for Pu’er;
      • Bǎn shān (板山) – a Pu’er tea plantation near Jiangcheng county
    • Jǐng dōng (景东) – a Pu’er growing region in western Simao Prefecture
    • Jǐnggǔ (景谷) a town and a Dai + Yi minority autonomous county north of Simao city
      • Huáng cǎo bà (黄草坝) – a Jinggu high-elevation Pu’er growing area with 100-year-old trees
      • Yāng tǎshān (秧塔山) – also produces lucha and Dian Hong
    • Jīn zhúshān (金竹山) – a mountain range in Simao
      • Qiānjiā zhài (千家寨) – a village where a supposedly 2700-year-old tea tree still lives
    • Níng ěr (宁洱) – since Simao was renamed Pu’er, the new name for what used to be the town and county of Pu’er
      • Kùn lùshān (困鹿山) – a mountain with old tea trees
    • Nù shān (怒山)
    • Wúliàng shān (无量山) – literally Limitless Mountain, a tea mountain range
    • Yíngpán shān (营盘山) – literally Barracks Mountain: a new Pu’er tea mountain in the Simao area, where a resettlement project for poor Miao Zu villagers is growing maocha, some of it organic
What are you Tasting?

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